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PREPARATION



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The great financial collapse may be covered over by the coming Syrian conflict which is an obvious ruse. While Conspiracy Cafe deals with the geo-political issues, we can't leave you on your own. There may be questions you have about the issues of the day. If you've been with us a long time, remember our Christmas special on surviving a nuclear calamity. If the unthinkable ever happened, you'd have to be everything. Co-operation is the key. We pray we never get to that point. 
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DON'T FORGET YOUR RADIO 444.175 IS A HAM EMERGENCY FREQUENCY. IMPORTANT MESSAGES WILL BE BROADCAST OVER A LARGE AREA.

"But if anyone does not provide for his own, and especially for those of his household, he has denied the Faith and is worse than an unbeliever." 1 Timothy 5:8



Bugging out was even spoken of in the days of Noah. Preparation was clearly understood. The birds did it. The bees did it. What's stopping you? 


 
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  • Doomsday Preppers S1EP4 It's All Gonna H...
    by George Freund on September 19, 2014 at 3:19 PM
    4305 Views - 0 Comments

    DIRECT LINK:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ZjbyQar7Cc

    http://hd.today/watch/GgYyPmmv-doomsday-preppers-season-1/episode-4.html


    Doomsday Preppers is an American reality television series that airs on the National Geographic Channel. The program profiles various survivalists, or "preppers", who are preparing to survive the various circumstances that may cause the end of civilization, including economic collapse, societal collapse, and electromagnetic pulse. The quality of their preparations is graded by the consulting company Practical Preppers, who provide analysis and recommendations for improvements.


    4"It's All Gonna Hit the Fan"February 21, 2012 (2012-02-21)1.013

    Martin Colvill lives on the road with his wife as a "survival trucker" and looks to prepare for the upcoming economic collapse; Donna Nash is prepared to quarantine all her family members to protect against a global pandemic; Kevin O'Brien is concerned about losing his home due to rising sea levels created by global warming or a polar shift.

    Highlights: Weapons training — Security systems - Home defense - Polar Shift

  • Chiappa M6 X-Caliber Survival Rifle Revi...
    by George Freund on October 23, 2015 at 10:30 PM
    4276 Views - 0 Comments

    Gun Review: Chiappa X-Caliber

    By Tyler Kee on June 5, 2015

    IMG_1767

    When the X-Caliber arrived, I was excited about shooting something so bizarre and definitively ugly. I compared the X-Caliber to the weird kid in class: the one who’s fun to hang out with but tanks your popularity. I found the opposite to be true. Everywhere I took the X-Caliber, people wanted to shoot it. With each shot, I wanted to hang out with it less and less…

    IMG_1768

    The X-Caliber is marketed as a survival rifle of sorts. The “gun” can shoot both .22LR and 12 gauge. With the addition of any of the eight barrel inserts that come with the gun, it can be made to shoot the following:

    • .380
    • 9 mm
    • 40 S&W
    • .45 ACP
    • .357 Magnum/.38 Special
    • .44 Magnum
    • .410/.45 LC
    • 20 Gauge

    IMG_1759

    The idea is very attractive. Theoretically, you could toss this gun in your truck or your pack, grab some hard cast .44 Mag for the big critters, a box of .22 for the small critters, a handful of 2-3/4″ 12 gauge for the flying critters, and the barrel inserts to shoot anything else you find along the way. About the time you really get lost in fantasy land, the harsh reality of the practical limitations of the X-Caliber will give you a cold, wet slap to the face.

    The first and most pressing wake up call: the .357 barrel flat out didn’t fit. I tried it with the gun cold. I tried it with it hot. No dice. In fact, the whole premise of large caliber barrel inserts scared me a bit. I didn’t try the .44 Mag barrel. Call me a wuss all you want in the comments, I don’t mind. Much.

    The second downer: how damn unwieldily the little bugger is. You’d figure that a gun that looks this light would be ya know, light. But it weighs nearly six pounds. And for that kind of weight, you could just keep a minimalist AR 15 with irons in two pieces in a bag. While interesting looking, the stock’s made of styrofoam and steel. It’s not comfortable to shoulder at all; the only place to grip with your support hand is right in front of the trigger guard. This makes the X-Caliber downright uncomfortable to shoot in most practical positions.

    Once you break the shot, you break the action open and then flip out the spent casing with your thumbnail. No assisted ejection here. Oh sure, that sort of thing would be impossibly expensive to engineer, but it sure would allow you to put a follow up shot downrange within a few seconds of the first one versus the nearly ten seconds it takes currently. And forget about quick barrel changes. The watertight tool kit included in the stock includes a very purpose-built pick that is the perfect size for prying out barrel inserts. Once you get the hang of it, you can change barrel in less than a minute with far fewer four letter words.

    I let several people shoot this gun. Every person nervously asked, “How bad is it shooting 12 gauge?” To put it bluntly, it’s blunt. The lack of cheek weld, the short length of pull, and the six pound weight combine to make the X-Caliber a pain to shoot. I put five rounds of 2-3/4″ steel shot down the pipe to confirm that it functioned and threw shot in the general direction of my aiming point.


    I outsourced the rest of the functional testing to unwitting onlookers at the range. Twenty five yards seemed to be about the maximum range of patterning that would cover a squirrel or rabbit with a few pellets. Hungry hunters would be best served getting a little closer. The 20-gauge barrel is a bit more acceptable from a recoil perspective, the .410 even more so. Like the 12 gauge though, expect to stalk-up close to your prey if you’re interested in ethical kills.

     

  • FIREARMS: Kel-Tec SU-16A Review
    by George Freund on September 2, 2013 at 12:22 PM
    4187 Views - 0 Comments

    Review of the Kel-Tec SU-16A Semi Auto Rifle By Rod. Great rifle, if you have experience to share please comment!!! Civil Advantage Firearms Training is a Canadian company operating out of Vancouver's lower mainland. We specialize in the Canadian Firearms Safety Course, beginner, tactical and live fire training. We train beginners, civilians, federal and municipal police officers, corrections personal and CBSA (border protection).

    SU-16 refers to a series of semi-automatic rifles and carbines manufactured by Kel-Tec CNC Industries, Inc. of Cocoa, Florida, referred to in Kel-Tec's marketing as "Sport Utility rifles". The SU-16 series is notable for its compact, lightweight and simple design; and for being able to be broken down and folded into a compact configuration for transportation and storage. While the barrel, bolt-carrier and mechanism are steel, the SU-16's stock, receiver, and forend are manufactured of high-strength polymer plastic.

    I do try to support American industry where I can. The firearms industry is a large part of it today as in the past. This is a great little rifle for the neophyte shooter. Some experts will poo poo the gun comparing it to guns that cost many thousands of dollars. The SU-16 is a Chevy. They bought a Porsche. They may both be cars, but they aren't comparable. The Chevy will haul your butt around nicely. It economical like the SU-16 and you don't have to worry about getting it scratched in the woods. It's synthetic. The AR mags are NATO standard and available everywhere. So enjoy the freedoms you have by EXCERCISING not just your mind and body but the right to BEAR ARMS! 

    P.S. I always use a trigger lock or secure storage case while carrying any firearm in a car. It is the law if the vehicle is left unattended here in the great white north. In some states firearms must be actually displayed for law enforcement to see. Many cooks to boil you in some soup. 

  • BBC THE WAR GAME 1965
    by George Freund on August 31, 2013 at 7:39 AM
    4115 Views - 0 Comments

    NEW LINK:

    http://www.watchfree.to/watch-12ec9-The-War-Game-movie-online-free-putlocker.html

    http://www.disclose.tv/action/viewvideo/167578/The_War_Game_1965/

    The War Game is a 1965 television documentary-style drama depicting the effects of nuclear war on Britain. Written, directed, and produced by Peter Watkins for the BBC's The Wednesday Play anthology series, it caused dismay within the BBC and in government and was withdrawn from television transmission on 6 August 1965 (the twentieth anniversary of the Hiroshima bombing). The Corporation said that "the effect of the film has been judged by the BBC to be too horrifying for the medium of broadcasting". However, it had some distribution in cinemas and won the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature in 1966.[1] But it remained unshown in full on British television until 1985.

    The magic moment your children's eyeballs are boiled from the flash a third degree burn coursing the optic nerve to the brain. That's pain.

    Made in black-and-white with a running time of just under 50 minutes, The War Game depicts the prelude to and the immediate weeks of the aftermath to a Soviet nuclear attack against Britain. A Chinese invasion of South Vietnam starts the war; tensions escalate when the United States authorises tactical nuclear warfare against the Chinese. Although the Soviet and East German forces threaten to invade West Berlin if the U.S. does not withdraw that decision, the U.S. does not acquiesce to Communist demands and occupies West Berlin; two U.S. Army divisions attempt to fight their way into Berlin, but the Russian and East German forces defeat them in battle. The U.S. President launches a pre-emptive, NATO tactical nuclear attack. A limited nuclear war erupts between the West and the East; missiles strike Britain.


    The chaos of the prelude to the attack, as city residents are forcibly evacuated to the country, leads to the story's centre in Rochester, which is struck by an off-target missile aimed at Gatwick Airport. Key targets in Kent are RAF Manston and the Maidstone barracks, which are mentioned in scenes showing immediate effects of the attack. The results of that missile's explosion are the instant blinding of those who see the explosion, the resultant firestorm caused by the heat wave, and the blast front; later, the collapse of society, because of radiation sickness, psychological damage, and destroyed infrastructure; the British Army burns corpses, while police shoot looters during food riots.

    War is not a game. Don't let our leaders do it anymore lest you get the rebound effect of it.


  • Shooting SVT-40 WW2 Tokarev Soviet rifle...
    by George Freund on October 13, 2013 at 9:10 AM
    4082 Views - 0 Comments

    ALTERNATE LINK:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gZhrh3XpcLg

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SBv7a17ex0E

    Shooting this 71 year old 7.62x54r semi-auto rifle for the first time. 1941 Tula arsenal SVT-40.

    SVT-40 Field Strip

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vVaDQUudxAU

    These rifles are all over the surplus market at the present time. You get a lot of bang for your buck.

    The SVT-40 is a Soviet semi-automatic battle rifle which saw widespread service during and after World War II. It was intended to be the new service rifle of the Soviet Red Army but the introduction of the SVT-40 was disrupted by the German invasion in 1941, resulting in a switch back to the older Mosin-Nagant bolt-action rifle for the duration. After the war, new rifles, the SKS and the AK-47, were adopted as Soviet service rifles instead. The abbreviation SVT-40 means Samozaryadnaya Vintovka Tokareva, Obrazets 1940 goda ("Tokarev Self-loading Rifle, Model of 1940", Russian: Самозарядная винтовка Токарева, образец 1940 года;).

  • How To Avoid Fake Silver & Counterfeit G...
    by George Freund on September 19, 2013 at 1:21 PM
    4041 Views - 0 Comments

    This Special Report on the growing threat of fake silver and counterfeit gold products will arm you with solutions on how to best avoid being ripped off by sellers of phony bullion products.

    Silver Eagle Coin Ping Test - 6145 Hz

    Gold Eagle Coin Ping Test - 4498 Hz

    How to Tell if Gold Is Real

  • FIREARMS: Mosin Nagant M44 Carbine
    by George Freund on September 1, 2013 at 9:17 AM
    4036 Views - 0 Comments

    The Mosin–Nagant series of rifles. From top to bottom:

    Mosin–Nagant M91

    Mosin–Nagant M91 "Dragoon"

    Mosin–Nagant M07 Carbine

    Mosin–Nagant M91/30

    Mosin–Nagant M91/30 PU Sniper

    Mosin–Nagant M38 Carbine

    Mosin–Nagant M44 Carbine

    Mosin–Nagant M59 Carbine


    There is a lot of history behind this rifle. It is the epitome of machines steel and hardwood. It is a functional 19th century solution that fought in WWI and WWII. There are many on the surplus market in 7.62 X 54R which is the Russian .308. It is a powerful cartridge that would be suitable for big game hunting with soft point ammunition. The military fodder are great for target practice at the range. These rifles are simple and easy to shoot. They are on the heavy side by today's standards but that absorbs the recoil. Some come with attached bayonets. Polish versions of the carbine like the one featured were in brand new condition stored since the 50's. Russia is disposing of old rifles like the Mosin Nagant, Tokarev's and captured German Mausers. For a reasonable price you get a very good rifle. 

  • S&W Model 1917 45acp WWI Revolver
    by George Freund on September 6, 2015 at 9:46 PM
    3983 Views - 0 Comments

    The M1917 Revolver (formally United States Revolver, Caliber .45, M1917) was a U.S. six-shot revolver of .45 ACP caliber. It was adopted by the U.S. Army in 1917 to supplement the standard M1911 .45 ACP semi-automatic pistol during World War I. Afterwards, it was primarily used by secondary and non-deployed troops. There were two variations of the M1917, one made by Colt and the other made by Smith & Wesson.


    Background

    U.S. civilians arms companies of Colt and Remington-UMC as well as other companies were producing M1911 pistols under contract for the U.S. Army, but even with the additional production there existed a shortage of M1911s. The interim solution was to ask the two major American producers of revolvers to adapt their heavy-frame civilian revolvers to the standard .45 ACP pistol cartridge. Both companies' revolvers utilized half-moon clips to extract the rimless .45 ACP cartridges. Smith & Wesson invented and patented the half-moon clip, but at the request of the Army allowed Colt to also use the design free of charge in their own version of the M1917 revolver.[1]

    Smith & Wesson M1917 revolver

     
    Smith & Wesson 1917 with moon clips and two auto rim cartridges

    The Smith & Wesson Model 1917 was essentially an adaptation of that company's Second Model .44 Hand Ejector, chambered instead for .45 ACP, employing a shortened cylinder allowing for use of half-moon clips, and a lanyard ring on the butt of the frame. Smith & Wesson had recently (c. 1915–16) produced the Hand Ejector, which uses their heavy .44 caliber frame, for the British Army in .455 Webley caliber due to shortages in British production facilities of standard-issue Webley Mk VI top-break revolvers.[1]


    The S&W M1917 is distinguishable from the Colt M1917 in that the S&W cylinder had a shoulder machined into it to permit rimless .45 ACP cartridges to headspace on the case mouth (as with automatic pistols). The S&W M1917 could thus be used without the half-moon clips, though the empty cases would have to be poked-out manually through the cylinder face, since the extractor star cannot engage the rimless cases.

    While these revolvers were originally blued, S&W M1917 revolvers rebuilt during and after World War II may have been parkerized during arsenal rebuild or under a refurbish contract with S&W.


    The .45 ACP (11.43×23mm) (Automatic Colt Pistol), also known as the .45 Auto by C.I.P. or 45 Auto by SAAMI, is a cartridge designed by John Browning in 1904, for use in his prototype Colt semi-automatic .45 pistol and eventually the M1911 pistol adopted by the United States Army in 1911.

    The .45 ACP is an effective combat pistol cartridge that combines accuracy and stopping power for use against human targets. The cartridge also has relatively low muzzle blast and flash, as well as moderate recoil. The standard issue military .45 ACP round has a 230 grain bullet that travels at approximately 830 feet per second when fired from the government issue M1911A1 pistol and approximately 950 feet per second from the M1A1 Thompson sub-machine gun.

    Even in its non-expanding full metal jacket (FMJ) version, the .45 ACP cartridge has a reputation for effectiveness against human targets because its large diameter creates a deep and substantial permanent wound channel which lowers blood pressure rapidly. The wounding potential of bullets is often characterized in terms of a bullet's expanded diameter, penetration depth, and energy. Bullet energy for .45 ACP loads varies from roughly 350 to 500 ft·lbf (470 to 680 J).


    The .45 Auto Rim, a.k.a. 11.5x23R is a rimmed cartridge specifically designed to be fired in revolvers originally chambered for the .45 ACP cartridge. It eliminates the need for the clips. The brass is widely available for handloading.

  • How To Survive Getting Lost In The Woods...
    by George Freund on September 2, 2013 at 11:52 AM
    3981 Views - 0 Comments

    Enjoy the outdoors, without fear of getting lost. This video shares basic information that I learned "the hard way," along with recommendations from wilderness survival experts.

    The STOP Acronym works well to control panic:

    S: Stop what you're doing. Sit down (to keep your self from walking or running). Have a drink of water. Water washes the taste of fear out of your mouth. Sit for 30 minutes to reduce the adrenaline that is flooding your system. Use this time to

    T: Think. Use your brain to evaluate the threat that is facing you. Is it getting dark? Or is is cold? What will you need to do?

    O: Observe your surroundings. How are they similar and different from where you were before you became lost? Is the river on which side of you? What about the mountains or other landmarks, etc? Then finally, develop a plan.

    P: Plan. Ask yourself, "What am I going to do?" Decide if you are really lost OR if you are only slightly disoriented. If you are really lost, YOU SHOULD STAY WHERE YOU ARE....and wait to be found. If you are slightly disoriented, you should search for the trail.

     

    Find a good source of water. In a survival situation, you can last up to three days without water, but by the end of the second day you're not going to be in very good shape. Springs or streams provide good sources of water. If you find a water source and are not sure if it is contaminated, boil it, or use chemical tablets. Contray to popular belief, you don't need to boil water very long to make it safe from biological contamination. Just bring it to a boil. If there aren't springs or stream in your area, you can use jacket sleeves tied to your ankles in the morning, when wading through the grass to get dew on the jacket, then suck the moisture out of the fabric. Warning: don't drink the dew from toxic or allergic plants.

     

    You can survive a few weeks without food, so hunting, fishing and gathering wild edibles isn't usually an urgent priority. However, the wilderness provides many food sources. See: Merriwether's Guide to Edible Wild Plants of Texas and the Southwest: http://www.foragingtexas.com/

    Wildwood Survival: 

    http://www.wildwoodsurvival.com/survival/food/edibleplants/

    Wilderness Survival: 

    http://www.wilderness-survival.net/plants-1.php

     

    Orienteering skills (compass and map reading) are only briefly mentioned in this video For additional information, see:

    My Favorite Navigation Device http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ccem4PNJJ7I

    Map Compass 101 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3mtZDBJTb0E

    Practical Wilderness Navigation http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Moido2P8og

     

    General references: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FV5ShSNIdfY

    http://www.wilderness-survival.net/

    http://www.wildwoodsurvival.com/survival/index.html

    http://www.m4040.com/Survival/Survival.htm

    http://meritbadge.org/wiki/index.php/Wilderness_Survivalhttp://meritbadge.org/wiki/index.php/Wilderness_Survival

    http://www.wikihow.com/Survive-in-the-Woods

    http://voices.yahoo.com/what-child-if-they-lost-the-3256581.html

    http://www.ussartf.org/child_survival_.htm


    These are all great sites for further information. They do forget the greatest source of strength GOD. That is quite common today. I have found prayer a fanastic encouragement. You are never truly alone. The Lord is always with you. Call on Him. Perhaps he wanted a little time with you alone in the Garden of Eden. Enjoy your time and he will lead your way.


  • Big Bore Revolvers
    by George Freund on January 1, 2014 at 7:42 AM
    3956 Views - 0 Comments

    Shooting Webley Mark I, S&W 2nd Model Hand Ejector in .45 Colt, S&W Model of 1917 in .45 ACP, and .45 Colt Single Action Army using Black Powder and Smokeless handloads.

    WEBLEY MARK I:

    This revolver was used in British service from 1886. It is generally found in the .455 caliber. Pre 1898 guns in certain calibers are classified as antiques for collection purposes.

    SMITH & WESSON 2nd Model Hand Ejector:

    This revolver was used in British and Canadian service in the WWI era. It was a very robust revolver and a lot of fun to shoot.  In the Commonwealth the .455 caliber was the common caliber. It was found in others for civilian use.

    Smith & Wesson Model of 1917:

    This was America's back up service pistol for WWI. The Colt Model 1911 was the official pistol in .45ACP. They couldn't make them fast enough. So both Colt and Smith & Wesson made a revolver in that caliber. The .45ACP was a rimless cartridge so special clips were made to hold the automatic pistol bullets.


    COLT SINGLE ACTION ARMY:

    This revolver came in a myriad of calibers. It was the official cowboy gun of the 19th century although many other makes and models were used. It is highly valued as a collector's piece mostly because of Hollywood. It was made starting in 1873. It's major flaw was it was a side loading (one at a time) pistol. The British and Smith and Wesson were using top break pistols where all the cartridges could be ejected at once and reloaded more quickly. In the 19th century the citizen was a central authority in the so called democratic countries. The right to bear arms was established in the Bill of Rights of 1689 in England after the INQUISITION! They don't really teach you that in the lib left thought processing centers we call schools. A little time on the rack can work to get the point understood. Some of these revolvers before 1898 are antiques.


    In 19th century revolvers there were no safety features that we have today. When using these firearms keep the chamber under the hammer empty. Modern guns have a hammer blocking safety to prevent the firing pin from striking a cartridge. Remember your safety rules. Always point a firearm in a safe direction. Treat every firearm as loaded. There was a day when the citizen was manifest. That day is being taken away from us. There was a concept called Noblisse Oblige. It is not taught in the mind control academies we call schools. We are indoctrinated into a form of slavery with the buzzword of the NWO change. It isn't change. It is a return to bondage. There was a day when the telescreen wasn't all about drug dealers and the less than stellar role models leading youth to Satan. Roy Rogers and Dale Evans were a pair. They still can be. They were models of a different era. The citizen had freedom and decency. They also had the Second Amendment and firearms. Both go hand in glove.

    Make the liberal left nervous. RESIST the mind control tactics they use. Stick to your guy or girl. Stick to your guns. Use the term RESTORATION not change. Take a giant leap backwards to the level of freedom they desire to remove WE THE PEOPLE. Learn their tricks and be wary of them. Not only is it your right; it is your DUTY!


  • Eat The Weeds: Episode 91: Purslane
    by George Freund on January 30, 2014 at 12:18 PM
    3944 Views - 0 Comments

    Purslane nutrition facts Soft, succulent purslane leaves have more omega-3 fatty acids than in some of the fish oils. If you are a vegetarian and pledge to avoid all forms of animal products, then here is the answer! Go for this healthy dark-green leafy vegetable and soon you will forget fish!


    Botanically, this herbaceous leafy vegetable belongs to the family of Portulacaceae and scientifically known as Portulaca oleracea.

    Other common names in place for this green leafy vegetable are pursley, pigweed, or verdolaga.

    Purslane is native to Indian sub-continent and now widely distributed across the continents actually as a wild weed. There exist varieties of pusley with variation in leaf size, thickness and leaf arrangement and pigment distribution. It is actually hard herb plant requiring comparatively less water and soil nutrients and grows well in sunny conditions. The plant grows up to 12-15 cm in height as a low-lying spread.

    Pursley is widely grown in many Asian and European regions as a staple leafy vegetable. Its leaves appear thick, contain mucilaginous substance, and have a slightly sour and salty taste. Leaves and tender stems have a slightly sour, and salty taste. In addition to succulent stems and leaves, its yellow flower buds are also edible.

    Purslane seeds, appear like black tea powder, are often used to make some herbal drinks.

    Health benefits of Purslane

    This wonderful green leafy vegetable is very low in calories (just 16 kcal/100g) and fats; nonetheless, it is rich in dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals.

    Fresh leaves contain surprisingly more omega-3 fatty acids (α-linolenic acid) than any other leafy vegetable plant. 100 grams of fresh purslane leaves provide about 350 mg of α-linolenic acid. Research studies show that consumption of foods rich in ω-3 fatty acids may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, and help prevent the development of ADHD, autism, and other developmental differences in children.

    It is an excellent source of Vitamin A, (1320 IU/100 g, provides 44% of RDA) one of the highest among green leafy vegetables. Vitamin A is a known powerful natural antioxidant and is essential for vision. This vitamin is also required to maintain healthy mucus membranes and skin. Consumption of natural vegetables and fruits rich in vitamin A is known to help to protect from lung and oral cavity cancers.

    Purslane is also a rich source of vitamin C, and some B-complex vitamins like riboflavin, niacin, pyridoxine and carotenoids, as well as dietary minerals, such as iron, magnesium, calcium, potassium, and manganese.

    Furthermore, present in purslane are two types of betalain alkaloid pigments, the reddish beta-cyanins and the yellow beta-xanthins. Both pigment types are potent anti-oxidants and have been found to have anti-mutagenic properties in laboratory studies. [Proc. West. Pharmacol. Soc. 45: 101-103 (2002)].

    Selection and storage

    In the store, buy fresh and healthy-looking purslane; look carefully for mold, yellow or dark spots as they indicate inferior quality. Go for organic product whenever feasible.

    Wash fresh leaves and stem in clean cold running water in order to remove any soil and insecticide/fungicide residues. After removing from water, mop it with soft cloth to remove any moisture in them before storing in the refrigerator.

    purslane can be kept in the refrigerator for about 3-4 days but should be eaten while the leaves are fresh and not wilted. 

    Preparation and serving methods

    The stems and flower buds are also edible. Trim the tough stems near roots using a sharp knife. Cook under low temperature for a shorter period in order to preserve the majority of nutrients. Although antioxidant properties are significantly decreased on frying and boiling, its minerals, carotenes and flavonoids may remain intact with steam cooking.

    Here are some serving tips:

    Fresh, raw leaves can be used as salad and as vegetable juice.

    Fresh, tender leaves are used in salads. Sautéed and gently stewed stems and leaves served as a side dish with fish and poultry.

    It has also been used in soup and curry (Goni soppu curry) preparations and eaten with rice and ragi cake (ragi mudde) in many mouthwatering purslane recipes in South Indian states.

    Stew fried and mixed with other greens such as spinach and vegetables are favorite dishes among Asians.

    Safety profile

    Purslane contains oxalic acid, a naturally-occurring substance found in some vegetables, which may crystallize as oxalate stones in the urinary tract in some people. 100 g fresh leaves contain 1.31 g of oxalic acid, more than in spinach (0.97 g/100 g) and cassava (1.26 g/100 g). It is therefore, people with known oxalate urinary tract stones are advised to avoid eating purslane and certain vegetables belonging to amaranthaceae and Brassica family. Adequate intake of water is therefore advised to maintain normal urine output. (Medical disclaimer).

    Purslane (Portulaca oleracea), raw, fresh,

    Nutritive value per 100 g.

    (Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)


  • FIREARMS: M1 Carbine
    by George Freund on March 18, 2015 at 8:57 PM
    3920 Views - 0 Comments


    The M1 carbine (formally the United States Carbine, Caliber .30, M1) is a lightweight .30 caliber semi-automatic carbine that became a standard firearm for the U.S. military during World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War, and was produced in several variants. Easy-to-use, it was widely used by U.S. and foreign military, paramilitary and police forces, and has also been a popular civilian firearm.

    In selective-fire versions capable of fully automatic firing, the carbine is designated the M2 carbine. The M3 carbine was an M2 with an active infrared scope system. Unlike conventional carbines, which are generally shorter-barreled versions of a longer parent rifle (like the earlier .30-40 U.S. Krag rifle and carbine and the later M16 rifle and M4 carbine), the M1 carbine has only one minor part in common with the unrelated larger M1 Garand, a short buttplate screw, and fires a different cartridge.

    Prior to World War II, Army Ordnance received reports from various branches (infantry, armor, artillery, supply) that the full-size M1 rifle was unsuitable as issued for an increasing number of soldiers with specialized training (mortar crews, rangers, paratroopers, machine gun crews, radiomen, tankers, artillerymen, forward observers, signals troops, engineers, headquarters staff etc.) who did not use the service rifle as a primary arm. During prewar and early war field exercises, it was noticed that these troops, when issued the rifle, often found their individual weapon too heavy and cumbersome. In addition to impeding the soldier's mobility, a slung rifle would frequently catch on brush, bang the helmet, or tilt it over the eyes. Many soldiers found the rifle slid off the shoulder unless slung diagonally across the back, where it prevented the wearing of standard field packs and haversacks. Alternate weapons such as the M1911 pistol and M1917 revolver, while undeniably convenient, were often insufficiently accurate or powerful, while the Thompson submachine gun, though reliable, was heavy and limited in both practical accuracy and penetration at typical combat range.


    Additionally, Germany's use of glider-borne and paratroop forces to infiltrate and attack strategic points behind the front lines generated a request for a compact infantry small arm to equip support units and line-of-communications troops who might find themselves engaged in combat without prior warning. U.S. Army Ordnance decided that a carbine would adequately fulfill all of these requirements, but specified that the new arm should add no more than five pounds to the existing equipment load. The requirement for the new firearm called for a compact, lightweight defensive weapon with an effective range of 300 yards, with greater range, firepower, and accuracy than the pistol, while weighing half as much as the Thompson submachine gun or M1 rifle. Parachutists were added to the list of intended users after Ordnance received a request for a lighter and more compact infantry arm for airborne forces, and a folding-stock (M1A1) version of the carbine was introduced in May 1942 to meet this requirements.

    The .30 Carbine (7.62×33mm) is the cartridge used in the M1 Carbine introduced in the 1940s. It is a light rifle round designed to be fired from the M1 carbine's 18-inch (458 mm) barrel.



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