|Posted by George Freund on August 26, 2014 at 12:40 AM|
A 5 kiloton blast over Toronto as projected by Nukemap3D. | Nukemap3D
Posted: 07/23/2013 1:55 pm EDT Updated: 09/22/2013 5:12 am EDT
If you've ever stayed up late in bed worrying what a nuclear bomb would do to Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver or Ottawa, now you can find out.
Nukemap3D, an extension to Google Earth written by Alex Wellerstein of the American Institute of Physics in Mayland, allows you to model what nuclear blasts of different sizes would do to literally any location on the planet. (There have been server issues with the site, but you can also access it here).
The website allows you to select the size of the bomb, from the 15-kiloton weapon dropped on Hiroshima to the 50-megaton behemoth Tsar Bomba tested by the Russians in 1961. You can also watch an animation of the mushroom cloud, see an overlay of the blast effects and fallout and get an estimate of causalities.
The results can be terrifying. A bomb as small as the "Little Boy" weapon used on Hiroshima would cause nearly 400,000 casualties if dropped near the CN tower in Toronto, according to the program. A Tsar Bomba would cause more than 3 million.
Below you can see a visualization of what a two kiloton blast (1/10 the size of the Nagasaki bomb) would do to downtown Toronto.
Wellerstein explains his motivation for creating the website on his blog.
"We live in a world where nuclear weapons issues are on the front pages of our newspapers on a regular basis, yet most people still have a very bad sense of what an exploding nuclear weapon can actually do."
For the technically inclined, Wellerstein's blog also explains the math behind all the calculations that go into what is actually the third iteration of his nukemap.
If it seems like this is just the sort of tool a terrorist might use to plot an attack, Wellerstein has an answer.
"As for terrorists: If we get to the point where a terrorist group is asking, 'where should I set off my nuclear weapon that I have?' then we've already gone past the point of no return. There's no way to avert a catastrophe at that point ... The reason terrorists don't currently have nuclear weapons (so far as we know) has nothing to do with them not being aware that nuclear weapons are impressive and devastating."
The website allows you to interactively simulate the effects of a nuclear blast of various weapons on Google Maps. It must be understood that any open conflict with Russia could and most likely would accelerate to a full blown nuclear war. The effects would be catastrophic. One of the primary first strike targets will be large airports. In the Toronto area where I am most often that would include Pearson International Airport. I chose the 2.42 megaton Russian SS-4 warhead. Though dated, the Russian arsenal has large yield weapons. Of course the old Canadian Forces Base Downsview and Hamilton's International Airport would also be removed. The details of the effect are:
Effects radii for 2.3 megaton airburst* (smallest to largest): ▼
Fireball radius (Inner Circle): 1.35 km (5.71 km²)
Maximum size of the nuclear fireball; relevance to lived effects depends on height of detonation. If it touches the ground, the amount of radioactive fallout is significantly increased. Minimum burst height for negligible fallout: 1.21 km.
Air blast radius 5 psi (Middle Circle: 9.28 km (271 km²)
At 5 psi overpressure, most residential buildings collapse, injuries are universal, fatalities are widespread. Optimal height of burst to maximize this effect is 4.12 km.
Thermal radiation radius 3rd degree burns Outer Circle: 17.5 km (963 km²)
Third degree burns extend throughout the layers of skin, and are often painless because they destroy the pain nerves. They can cause severe scarring or disablement, and can require amputation. 100% probability for 3rd degree burns at this yield is 11.9 cal/cm2.
*Detonation altitude: 4,120 m. (Chosen to maximize the 5 psi range.)
This is a more realistic scenario for Southern Ontario. It now includes the CFB Downsview site; Hamilton Airport; CFB Borden; Buffalo, NY; Bruce and Pickering nuclear plants; St. Catharines which is close to the Niagara Falls generating station; London and Kitchener Waterloo major cities. I would say that would be the bare minimum the Russians would attack in the area. When you consider the population densities millions of deaths and serious injuries would ensue. The wind effect is not factored in.
Outside of the largest circle in the burn free area. Everything within is a burn victim potential. The inner orange is 100% fatal third degree. About midway would be 50% fatal. The fringes of the large circle would be first degree burns. Although survival rates increase, the pain and suffering would be severe. Learn not to burn. Understand false flags, propaganda and our leaders longing for war.
The Russian Aggression Prevention Act described in the other blog is an ultimatum to the Russians. The face will be slapped; the glove is dropped; the weapons will be thermo nuclear. The warmongers are determined to actually start WWIII. We decoded that in the War of Gog and Magog Google Doodle. However, the big news among the soon to die was Beyonce kissed JZ. We are in a lot of trouble. This is a global interactive. Plot your high value targets. See where you have a chance to survive. Think about bugging out there. The worst part for the wounded is there will be virtually no medical aid. You'll be on your own to deal with massive traumas and serious burns. Most of the major hospitals will be destroyed. I should hope you hold your politician's ass to the flame before yours disappears due to this MADNESS! Good luck and God Bless. Remember the first prepper was Noah. Everybody laughed. He survived to seed the Earth.
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