Here's the latest news that the main stream media seems to lose...
14 Then the Lord said unto me, The prophets prophesy lies in my name: I have not sent them, neither did I command them, neither spake I unto them, but they prophesy unto you a false vision, and divination, and vanity, and deceitfulness of their own heart.
15 Therefore thus saith the Lord, Concerning the prophets that prophesy in my Name, whom I have not sent, yet they say, Sword and famine shall not be in this land, by sword and famine shall those prophets be consumed.
16 And the people to whom these prophets do prophesy shall be cast out in the streets of Jerusalem, because of the famine, and the sword, and there shall be none to bury them: both they and their wives, and their sons, and their daughters: for I will pour their wickedness upon them.
by: Hermann Goering
(1893-1946) Commander-in-Chief of the Luftwaffe, President of the Reichstag, Prime Minister of Prussia and, as Hitler's designated successor, the second man in the Third Reich. [Göring]
Date: April 18, 1946
Source: Nuremberg Diary (Farrar, Straus & Co 1947), by Gustave Gilbert (an Allied appointed psychologist), who visited daily with Goering and his cronies in their cells, afterwards making notes and ultimately writing the book about these conversations.
|Posted by Conspiracy Cafe on July 21, 2017 at 10:50 PM|
8th December 2016 Matthew Griffin
WHY THIS MATTERS IN BRIEF
Scientists now have the knowledge and the tools they need to create, and deliver, Doomsday genes which can selectively target and exterminate entire species
Here’s a question that occurs only to madmen and geneticists…
How do you get a gene that kills a species to spread through a whole population?
You can either make your gene deadly, and therefore impossible to pass on, or not – and make it useless. The solution in the past has been to try to create what are known as “silent” genes that can spread throughout a population with no negative side effects, for example, either introducing a deadly weakness to a man made chemical into a species genome, or creating dormant but deadly genes that can be activated when the right trigger presents itself.
Recently, with the advent of advanced new in vivo gene editing technology, it’s become possible to make genes that seem to defy evolution – and that means we could soon start releasing animals carrying doomsday, or, extinction genes, that spread with astonishing speed and which eventually kill off an entire species, or even entire ecosystems.
It sounds like the stuff of science fiction and nightmares, and many argue that that is where this type of technology should stay.
However, such an animal exists, and it’s currently sitting in a laboratory at Imperial College London. An apocalyptic mosquito carrying a gene that could one day end its entire species. It represents a controversial proposal to end the scourge of Malaria, which kills hundreds of thousands of people each and every year, by wiping out the mosquitoes that spread the disease. It also represents a fundamentally new ability for humanity – the power to easily and selectively snuff out an entire subcategory of life on Earth. And the new name for this technology? Gene Drive.
Sounds rather benign doesn’t it? Except for the fact, when combined with an extinction gene, which for example, in this case introduces sterility into an entire population, it’s anything but.
Gene Drive is a methodology that artificially increases a gene’s inheritance rate – these are found throughout nature, but despite decades of theorising, nobody, until now, and spurred on by the advent of CRISPR, a revolutionary gene editing technique that’s also goes under the moniker of the “Genesis Engine“, had a viable way to harness it.
CRISPR and Gene Editing 101
CRISPR’s “molecular scissors” are actually borrowed from viruses, allowing scientists to swap out one gene in a living organism for another gene, for example a doomsday gene, of their choice, and if you can get your gene spliced into the germ cells of a species then you can guarantee that the new trait will be passed down through the generations – classically, without Gene Drive, you can introduce only a 50% chance.
The chance is 50% because germ cells, like virtually all other cell types in humans and mosquitoes, have two copies of our genome, so when scientists splice in their attack gene, it will end up sitting across from a second, totally normal copy of the gene it just replaced. This means that when the two copies get pulled apart to form the half-genomes of two new, separate sperm cells, only one of those new sperm cells will have the spliced in sequence. The other will carry the same gene it would have, regardless.
So, if the spliced in gene lowers “evolutionary fitness”, then all that will happen is the other half of the offspring will thrive, and, as a result the infected “genetically crippled” individuals will be quickly bred out of the population.
Imperial College’s doomsday mosquito gets around these problems by applying two innovations.
First, it forces itself into 99% of a mosquito’s sperm cells, and thus into 99% of its offspring. It can do this by exploiting the natural process of the genomes proof reading abilities. Once the synthetic gene has been spliced in to replace a target gene, scientists can design the system to intentionally damage the other, natural copy of that target gene. Do enough damage and the cell’s machinery shows up to repair it back to normal. But what’s normal? Well, the DNA double helix provides a template and the repair enzymes end up using the spliced in gene as the guide for what the “natural version” is supposed to look like.
Once the natural version of our gene has been “repaired” into the engineered version, both alleles, or copies, of the gene have the new man made sequence. Now, when the germ cell divides into two sperm cells, both those sperm cells get the modified version of the gene. So now, no matter which of those sperm cells goes on to fertilize an egg, the resulting mosquito will inherit the inserted attack gene. And the germ cells of those offspring get the Gene Drive effect, carrying it on to the next generation, and the next, and the next and so on and so on.
But there’s still a problem. If infected mosquitoes give birth to 99% weakened mosquitoes, then those mosquitoes will simply get bred out by normal individuals from completely separate parents, and the attack will go nowhere. The key to this mosquito “bomb” is that while 99% of offspring get the engineered gene, that gene doesn’t cause any problems when there’s only one copy.
So, try to follow the counting here.
Scientists splice one copy of their experimental gene directly into a germ cell, where it then destroys and replaces the other copy and makes itself into the cell’s sole version of that gene. Then, the germ cell splits into two sperm cells, each of which has one infected copy in its half-sized genome. This infected half-genome then fertilizes a non-infected egg through normal breeding with another mosquito, combining to make a new mosquito with one copy of our synthetic gene, from our infected male’s sperm cell, and one copy of the natural gene, from the uninfected female’s egg cell.
Now, 99% of our infected male’s offspring are infected with a single copy of the gene we inserted, and become carriers who display no adverse effects. Most regular genes spreading through the mosquito population by natural processes have to spread without the Gene Drive ability to power them into 99% of offspring very quickly, meaning that even very advantageous genes won’t be able to spread as fast as our silent, seemingly useless one. With no downside to bias evolution against it, our gene will spread through the population in just a scant few generations.
Eventually, it will reach such a level of saturation in the population that these fully functioning carrier mosquitoes will begin to mate with one another through sheer chance, each donating infected sperm or egg cells 99% of the time, and thus giving rise to virtually all double-infected offspring. It’s these offspring, with both copies of the gene infected from conception, that express the genetic attack. The females of such mating events are completely sterile, while the males are free to continue breeding and passing on the disease.
What this means is that by the time the Gene Drive starts creating a substantial number of sterile, double-infected mosquitoes, the overall population will already have been infected too heavily to breed it out. With Gene Drive to keep the gene spreading in spite of evolution, the process should continue until there are simply no viable female mosquitoes left to breed with. By the Imperial College team’s calculations, this gene drive approach could completely wipe out a population of mosquitoes in as little as 11 generations, or about a year.
To put this into perspective, in this case, this is a genetic modification that wipes out Malaria by wiping out the Mosquito. In human terms you could compare it to wiping out HIV by wiping out humans, and while there are arguments for both sides of the fence the fact that we now have the technology, and the fact, furthermore, that we’ve already used it to create what’s come to be known as the Doomsday Mosquito humanity will find itself in moral and ethical deadlock.
Do you cure the disease that kills millions of people by genetically engineering a species to go extinct? And if we can genetically engineer one species to go extinct then which species is next? Us?
The last one, as terrifying as it might sound isn’t as far fetched as you might think, and governments around the world have already put this “ultimate bioweapon” on their watch list. As our understanding of this technology and this capability advances, and as costs continue to plummet, it is increasingly easy to see how one day a terrorist group could use it to quietly and subtly kill off an entire race, or population, of people. And if you think that that’s a giant leap then worryingly it isn’t.
Thanks to the Human Genome Project we can already identify and categorise individuals with specific traits – everything from the colour of their hair to the colour of their skin – as well as their evolutionary lineage and thanks to the rise of CRISPR and Synthetic Biology we now have the tools we need to help us create entire artificial genomes from scratch. By 2036, for example, scientists believe that they might even be able to use CRISPR technology to make the worlds first artificial human (ethics allowing, which of course they won’t, or at least ion the short term).
If we have the technology to eliminate an entire species from the face of the Earth – forever, then the only thing preventing us from pulling the genetic trigger is our moral compass and our belief in our ability to control the outcome and the next time there’s a mass extinction event it might not be an asteroid that’s the culrpit.
|Posted by Conspiracy Cafe on July 21, 2017 at 7:45 PM|
The interesting thing about this Google Doodle is that we blazed the trail about it for our Canada Day dissertation about Satan being the prince of the airwaves. It goes beyond that really. There are lines of communication that open the mind to programming and control. It started with the alphabet, was exacerbated by the printing press and maximized with television and radio the ethereal space of the Prince of the air Satan. So indeed fake news has been the bane of humankind for a very long time.
Marshall McLuhan was born on this day in 1911. That alone implies another 911 event on the horizon, or in general terms reveals that these manufactured events and the use of the programming mediums of type, sound and image can shape our minds to the degree we are pressed into servitude as Satan's minions willingly and thoroughly by allowing the medium to be the massage of our thought and rationale processes. Being aware of these concepts, this writer has strived to avoid the pitfalls set out before us and hewn a different path through the neural jungle. That takes conditioning and strength to resist the equivalent of a computer virus designed to degrade the mind's ability to reason and turn it into a slave of the master Satan.
We frequently opine the old childhood adage to refrain from taking candy from strangers. The various fake news print editions, radio and TV are candy to most everyone. They denigrate your abilities to assess data and pollute the core content in such a manner that you'll believe your thoughts are your own despite the fact the core elements in the reasoning process were manufactured somewhere else by someone else. With that orchestrated reality you're quite content to basically act as a computer bot and invade the reality of existence with a new false reality. It is brilliant really because the great theorist and strategist, McLuhan, has been forgotten overall from the rationalization process. So if we are unaware of the process, we cannot even begin to contemplate that our thoughts are not our own, but a carefully crafted meme to alter reality in a manner that is not advantageous to our relationship to God or his Eden.
I surmise that since the Prince of the air Satan is the father of all lies and deceits, that most everything we have ever learned has been severely skewed to lead us away from truth and enslave us in a false reality where God and his creations do not exist as they were always meant to be. That is the predominate idea behind Christ's adage of the truth setting us free. One of the first major steps is to change the channel from the ethereal space to another. Don't subscribe to or support the fake mainstream mass mind control media lest you die. For that is the end result to the process. We are and always have been lured to war and the mass murder of our fellows for false and sordid reasons, but like any addiction, it takes great resolve to break free, and break free we must.
McLuhan said this war was an infowar. One of the most popular alternative media sites uses that nom de guerre, and McLuhan clearly said it was going to be a war where there would be no distinction between civilian and military forces. That is all around us too. Seth Rich tried to reveal the truth and was murdered for it. He is one of a long list of patriots defending the ethereal space from determined enemy assault. It is imperative that those waging the battles have a strong healthy relationship with God. He alone is your manifest destiny. We will face what were termed in ancient times trials by ordeal whereupon we are subjected to many forms of harm by this multifaced hydra.
They may attempt murder, coerce, threaten and punish in a multitude of ways. The Prince of the air has many tricks at his disposal. Pray for strength and God's protection. Having been through the tribulations and surviving, I notice the difference from those who haven't. I dropped the prayer virus Amen many years ago. Amen is the sun god Amen Ra. Moses freed us from bondage many years ago. Like robots we repeat this word without the slightest care or concern. God warned us he was a very jealous God. We are not to have any other Gods before us. That is a prime directive COMMANDMENT. Yet people of faith destroy their prayer power significantly by taking this medium into their minds.
Remember you are at war. The term Australian rules meaning there are no rules comes to mind. You do whatever you have to do to survive. Rule number one is don't trust authority because the bulk of people in authority are vassals to the master of the ethereal space. As a child of the true and eternal God, you are the authority. I'm amazed how many of the deceased were going to the police or in the American cases the FBI for protection. These tendancies are preprogrammed into our minds from childhood. The police are not interested in revealing truths. Whatever evidence you have is for the court of public opinion. Post it on line or reveal it in the ethereal realm.
Princess Diana announced in advance she had a profound revelation to make about the royal family. There was a complete take out operation for JFK assassination witnesses or any other for that matter. Keep your wits about you and your heads up. Try not to leave yourselves vulnerable. Think tactically. Look for ways out of any situation. You are the prey not the predator. Make sure whatever tries to get you pays a significant price for the effort. Most victims just walk walk into their executions. You need to take action to protect yourself and make it difficult for the assassin. Having them walk into a trap is best. I always liked the comedy Home Alone for that. It was the ultimate pie in the face.
I must be thankful to God for the plethora of training and experience He gave me over the years. It started with my father and his maxim trust no one. Anyone can succumb to the power of the evil one and fail you. Our family business was the local pool hall. When troubles came they might arrive on motorcycles that bore the label Hell's Angels or Satan's Choice. However, they were open about their afiliations and easy to accomodate. The difficult one is the snake in the grass pretending to be godly but really working for the dark side. That is my message to massage your mind. Everything is not as it appears especially since our minds were programmed with lies from the outset in many things we thought to hold dear. Government has been co-opted by evil. The church has allowed evil to infiltrate it. Christ even called Peter Satan, and in spite of that we were conditioned to trust these institutions. It was Rome, the state, that was the Christ killer and saint obliterator.
The end game is to trick us into the final war of the Revelation with the nuclear powers primarily the United States and Russia. You know them for their works. Think about who is manifesting the Russian meme. They are Satan's forces. They are the fake news that has lied to you from the outset. Think about the power of the false flag attacks. They are theaters of the mind. The TV show The Twight Zone defined it all to well.
There is a fifth dimension beyond that which is known to man. It is a dimension as vast as space and as timeless as infinity. It is the middle ground between light and shadow, between science and superstition, and it lies between the pit of man's fears and the summit of his knowledge. This is the dimension of imagination. It is an area which we call the Twilight Zone.
We struggle in this dimension McLuhan termed the ethereal space. Tell me if any of the other medias advise you of this. Virtually all of them are agents of the dark side whether witting or unwitting. Here we know the score and try to liberate you by challenging the most deep seated lies and aberrations. Your standards of discerment will elevate you to the truth and set you free. God just made me a conduit to enlightenment. Marshall McLuhan tried as well, but his message has been forgotten by most. The agents of the Prince of the air know it well and still apply it to unsuspecting minds. Perhaps it will be the struggle of and for eternity with many casualties. You have been warned again on the 106th birthday of one on Canada's great thinkers Marshall McLuhan. He coined the term Global Village. The anti-Christ forces just have to build it. Whose side are you on? I chose mine a long time ago.
|Posted by Conspiracy Cafe on July 19, 2017 at 4:50 PM|
by Wolf Richter Jul 12, 2017
“We act like we know exactly how it’s going to happen, and we don’t.”
“We’ve never had QE like this before, and we’ve never had unwinding like this before,” said JPMorgan CEO Jamie Dimon at the Europlace finance conference in Paris. “Obviously that should say something to you about the risk that might mean, because we’ve never lived with it before.”
He was referring to the Fed’s plan to unwind QE, shedding Treasury securities and mortgage-backed securities on its balance sheet. The Fed will likely announce the kick-off this year, possibly at its September meeting.
According to its plan, there will be a phase-in period. It will unload $10 billion the first month and raise that to $50 billion over the next 12 months. Then it will continue at that pace to achieve its “balance sheet normalization.” Just like the Fed “created” this money during QE to buy these assets, it will “destroy” this money at a rate of $50 billion a month, or $600 billion a year. It’s the reverse of QE, with reverse effects.
Other central banks are in a similar boat. The Fed, the Bank of Japan, and the ECB together have loaded up their balance sheets with $14 trillion in assets. Unwinding this is going to have some impact – likely reversing some of the asset price inflation in stocks, bonds, real estate, and other markets that these gigantic bouts of asset buying have caused.
The Bank of Japan has been quietly tapering its asset purchases for a while to where it buys only enough to keep the 10-year yield barely above zero. And the ECB has tapered its monthly purchases by €20 billion earlier this year and is preparing the markets for more tapering. Once central banks stop buying assets, the phase starts when central banks try to unload some of those assets. The Fed is at the threshold of this phase.
Dimon was less concerned about the Fed’s rate hikes. People are too focused on rate hikes, he said, according to a Bloomberg recording of the conference. If the economy is strong, economic growth itself overcomes the issues posed by higher rates, he said. The economy has been through rate hikes many times before. They’re a known quantity.
But “when selling securities in the market place starts,” that’s when it gets serious.
“When that happens of size or substance, it could be a little more disruptive than people think,” he said. Whatever it will do, no one knows what it will do – because “it never happened before.”
“We act like we know exactly how it’s going to happen, and we don’t,” he said. Central banks “would like to provide all of you with certainty, but you cannot make things certain that are uncertain.”
“We don’t know how that is going to play out,” he added.
All the main buyers of sovereign debt over the past decade – central banks, financial institutions, foreign exchange managers – will become net sellers now, he said according to Bloomberg. “That is a very different world you have to operate in, that’s a big change in the tide.”
In other words, no one knows how this is going to work out. It’s part of the great journey into experimental monetary policy.
QE had the intended effect: inflating asset prices – stocks, bonds, real estate, classic cars, art… which made it much harder for people who have to rely on labor for their income to buy these assets – or to rent them, such as housing. Unwinding QE, once it starts in earnest, is likely to pull asset prices in the opposite direction. But given of how leveraged assets are, and to the enormous extent they have been used as collateral, Dimon – the banker who is concerned about collateral values – hit the nail on the head. It’ll be “a very different world.”
The Fed has been tightening by raising rates and it has announced a plan to unwind QE, and financial conditions should be tightening in response, and the Fed wants them to tighten. But the opposite has happened. Markets have blown off the Fed. Read… Stock and Bond Markets Blow Off Fed, Fed Gets Frustrated
The last ditch effort to destroy Trump is the purposeful implosion of the economy so the mass mind control media can blame him and hope we storm the palace and kick him out. What they misunderstand is we may storm the palace of the mass mind control media and cheer on President Trump as a new era unfolds.
|Posted by Conspiracy Cafe on July 19, 2017 at 8:30 AM|
Justine Damond (pictured with her husband to be) was shot dead in her pyjamas by police in the United States, after calling 911 to report a disturbance in an alley near her home at South Minneapolis, Minnesota
Bride-to-be Justine Damond, 40, was fatally shot by officer Mohamed Noor
His partner Matthew Harrity was 'left stunned' by the shooting, sources say
A source has said Noor could have been startled by nearby fireworks going off
Damond had called 911 to report a sexual assault occurring in a nearby alley
Harrity was speaking to Damond when Noor opened fire through the patrol car's driver-side door, fatally wounding her in the abdomen
Neither Noor or his partner had their bodycams switched on, which Mayor of Minneapolis Betsy Hodges said was a 'key question' for investigators
Damond's family and friends held a sunrise vigil in Sydney on Wednesday
A timeline shows the events that led up to the fatal shooting of Justine Damond at around 11.30pm on Saturday
The mystery behind why Australian bride-to-be Justine Damond was shot dead by police outside her Minneapolis home could be explained by the explosions of fireworks in her neighbourhood.
A source with knowledge of Minneapolis law enforcement, who asked not to be identified, told AAP on Tuesday it 'would be good common sense to investigate' the fireworks link.
The sound of fireworks may have startled Officer Mohamed Noor, the policeman who fired the fatal bullet to the 40-year-old spiritual healer's abdomen.
The fireworks link came as it was revealed Noor's partner was 'stunned' when the rookie cop opened fire through the squad-car door at Damond, who had approached the car, dressed in pyjamas.
Noor, who joined the Minneapolis Police in March 2015, has reportedly had three complaints made against him in two years - including a lawsuit.
Two are from 2017 and one from 2016 is closed and according to Lou Raguse of Kare 11 is marked 'not to be made public'.
The lawsuit stems from a police call on May 25, 2017, when Noor and two other officers took a woman to hospital and she claimed that they carried out false imprisonment, assault and battery.
According to the ongoing lawsuit, the woman claimed that Noor 'grabbed her right wrist and upper arm' when moving her, leaving her 'immobilized'.
The woman, a retired social worker from Minneapolis, alleged that she had called 911 to 'report an unknown young male who was sitting on her retaining wall behind her house smoking marijuana.'
Officers followed up on her complaint but returned to her home at 8pm to carry out a welfare check after 'one or more relatives' allegedly complained to police that she had 'some sort of mental health problem'.
The New World Order's primary focus is to turn the peace officer into the police officer. The latter doesn't have keeping the peace in his job description. He is muscle for the fascist state to execute jurisprudence with extreme prejudice. People have been brainwashed to call 911 for every little thing expecting the police to be the knight on the white horse. That can commonly not be the case. You may very well end up with a salivating fiend ready to fulfill whatever dark ideologies they possess on the unsuspecting public.
Many are ticking time bombs just waiting to react to any stimulus to carry out the concealed machinations of the deep state the death squad. Justice is supposed to be blind, but I've seen a serious loss of impartiality over the years where the police use their positions to act out on personal issues in a psychotically crafted dark theater of the subconscious mind where unresolved personal issues can be assuaged upon whomever falls under their purview.
The difficult thing is many of the command officers either do not understand or suffer the same delusions of grandeur. Was Noor passed along for political reasons where he obviously couldn't pass muster? He would seem at face value to have a very skewed sense of danger if he fired on an unarmed scantily dressed woman calling for help. He was obviously totally unsuited to the responsibilities of the job if he panicked so easily at a far off noise and shot the first thing in front of him. He is not fit for service. If they keep him, let him guard the mayor. Let her duck for cover the next time robocop short circuits.
|Posted by Conspiracy Cafe on July 18, 2017 at 1:45 PM|
26th December 2016 Matthew Griffin
WHY THIS MATTERS IN BRIEF
As scientists continue to push the boundaries of brain computer interfaces we’re getting closer to creating a human hive mind
Recently a team in the US managed to prove that they could use a matrix style technology toupload knowledge directly to the human brain, and now another team of researchers have managed to create an electronic link between the brains of two rats, and demonstrated that signals from the mind of one can help the second solve basic puzzles in real time – even when those animals are separated by thousands of miles.
In the experiment an “Encoder” rat based in Natal, Brazil, trained in a specific behavioural task, presses a lever in its cage it knows will earn it a reward and an implant in its brain records activity from the rat’s motor cortex and converts it into an electrical signal that is delivered via an electronic neural link to the brain implant of a second “decoder” rat.
This is where things get interesting.
Rat number two is in an entirely different cage. In fact, it’s in North Carolina. The second rat’s motor cortex processes the signal from rat number one and – despite being unfamiliar with the behavioural task the first rat has been conditioned to perform – uses that information to press the same lever.
The experiment, the results of which are published in Scientific Reports, was led by Duke University neuroscientist Miguel Nicolelis, a pioneer in the field of Brain to Computer Interfaces (BCIs). Back in 2011, Nicolelis and his colleagues unveiled a BCI interface that was capable of creating a bi-directional link between a brain and a virtual body that let a monkey not only mentally control a simulated arm, but receive and process sensory feedback about tactile properties like texture, then, soon afterwards, his team unveiled a BCI thatenabled rats to detect normally invisible infrared light via their sense of touch.
But an intercontinental “mind meld,” a brain to brain interface between two live rats, one that enables realtime sharing of sensorimotor information, is something new. It’s a scientific first, and while it’s not telepathy, per se, it’s certainly something close. Neither rat was necessarily aware of the other’s existence, for example, but it’s clear that their minds were, in fact, communicating.
“It’s not the Borg,” said Nicolelis. (Not yet anyway, but I'd bet on it.)
What he has created, he says, is “a new central nervous system made of two brains,” and the said nervous system is far from perfect. Untrained decoder rats receiving input from a trained encoder partner only chose the correct lever around two thirds of the time. That’s definitely better than random odds, but still a far cry from the 95% accuracy of the encoder rats.
What this two brain system does do, Nicolelis argues, is enable the rats to work with one another in unprecedented ways. And while neural communication between two animals on entirely separate continents is impressive in its own right, Nicolelis says the most groundbreaking application of this technology – a 3, 4, or n- mind “brain net” – is still to come.
“These experiments demonstrated the ability to establish a sophisticated, direct communication linkage between rat brains,” he said, “so basically, we are creating an organic computer that solves a puzzle.”
“We cannot predict what kinds of emergent properties would appear when animals begin interacting as part of a brain-net,” he continues, “in theory, you could imagine that a combination of brains could provide solutions that individual brains cannot achieve by themselves.”
I've always said the end run for the NWO is to create a humanity totally enslaved akin to the Borg on Star Trek. The irony is these mad scientists play God while denying Him. They denigrate the use of prayer, but isn't that the result of a 'hive' connection to God. I feel strongly viruses were inserted into the prayer regimen to to negate their effectiveness. First and foremost was invoking a false God Amen into the prayer. God said He was a jealous God. He told us he was the only one and if we invoked other Gods, he would leave us to our devices. I stopped using Amen a long time ago. It is Amen Ra the sun god not the creator God.
The name of God used most often in the Hebrew Bible is the Tetragrammaton YHWH (Hebrew: יהוה;). It is frequently anglicized as Jehovah and Yahweh and written in most English editions of the Bible as "the Lord" owing to the Jewish tradition of reading it as Adonai ("My Lord") out of respect.
|Posted by Conspiracy Cafe on July 18, 2017 at 11:15 AM|
21st October 2016 Matthew Griffin
Synthetic biology opens the door for custom designed humans whose only parents are a computer
Scientists can already produce viable artificial human eggs and sperm but earlier this month they took everything one step further when an invite only group of about 150 experts convened privately in London behind closed doors where they discussed the prospect of designing and building an entire human genome from scratch – using only a computer, a DNA synthesizer and raw materials.
The artificial genome that they ended up proposing would be inserted into a living human cell to replace its natural DNA and the hope is that the cell “reboots,” changing its biological processes to operate based on instructions provided by the artificial DNA.
In other words, we may soon be looking at the first “artificial human cell” and then shortly afterwards we would be looking at the first completely artificial, synthetic human.
But the goal is not just Human 2.0.
The project, entitled “HGP Write: Testing large synthetic genomes in cells,” also hopes to develop powerful new tools that push synthetic biology into exponential growth on an industrial scale. If successful, we won’t only have the biological tools to design humans as a species — we would have the ability to redesign every corner, every aspect and every thing in the living world.
At its core, synthetic biology is a marriage between engineering principles and biotechnology. If DNA sequencing is about reading DNA, genetic engineering is about editing DNA, synthetic biology is about programming new DNA — regardless of its original source — to build new forms of life.
Synthetic biologists view DNA and genes as standard biological bricks that can be used interchangeably to create and modify living cells.
The field has a plug and play mentality, says Dr. Jay Kiesling, a pioneer of synthetic engineering at the University of California at Berkeley.
“When your hard drive dies, you can go to the nearest computer store, buy a new one, swap it out,” he says, “why shouldn’t we use biological parts in the same way?”
To accelerate the field, Kiesling and colleagues are putting together a database of standardized DNA pieces — dubbed “BioBricks” — that can be used as puzzle pieces to assemble genetic material completely new to nature.
To Kiesling and others in the field, synthetic biology is like developing a new programming language. Cells are hardware, while DNA is the software that makes them run. With enough knowledge about how genes work, synthetic biologists believe that they will be able to write genetic programs from scratch, allowing them to build new organisms, alter nature and even guide the course of human evolution.
Similar to genetic engineering, synthetic biology gives scientists the power to tinker with natural DNA. The difference is mostly scale – genetic editing is a cut and paste process that adds foreign genes or changes the letters in existing genes. Often, only a few sites are changed.
Synthetic biology, on the other hand, creates genes from scratch. This allows scientists far more opportunities to make extensive changes to known genes, or even design their own and the possibilities are nearly endless.
Bio drugs, fuels and crops
The explosion of synthetic biology in the past decade has already churned out results that thrilled both scientists and corporations.
Back in 2003, Kiesling published one of the earliest proof of concept studies demonstrating the power of the approach. He focused on a chemical called artemisinin, a powerful anti-malaria drug extracted from sweet wormwood that’s often the last line of defense against the disease.
Yet despite numerous attempts at cultivating the plant, yields remain extremely low.
Kiesling realized that synthetic biology offered a way to bypass the harvesting process altogether. By introducing the right genes into bacteria cells, he reasoned, the cells could turn into artemisinin manufacturing machines, thus providing an abundant new source for the drug.
Getting there though was tough. The team had to build an entirely new metabolic pathway into the cell, allowing it to process chemicals otherwise unknown to the cell.
Through trial and error, the team pasted together part of dozens of genes from several organisms into a custom DNA package. When they inserted the package into E. Coli, a bacteria commonly used in the lab to produce chemicals, it created a new pathway in the bacteria that allowed it to secrete artemisinin.
With more tinkering to increase efficacy, Kiesling and his team were able to bring up production by a factor of a million and reduce the drug’s price more than 10 fold.
Artemisinin was only the first step in a much larger program. The drug is a hydrocarbon, which belongs to a family of molecules often used to make biofuels. So why not use the same process to manufacture biofuels? By swapping out genes used to make artemisinin with those coding biofuel hydrocarbons, the team has already engineered multiple microbes capable of converting sugar to fuel.
Agriculture is another field poised to benefit from synthetic biology. Theoretically, we could take genes used to fix nitrogen from bacteria, put it into cells from our crops to completely alter their natural growth process. With the right combination of genes, we may be able to grow nutrition-packed crops — directed by an artificial genome — that require less water, land, energy and fertilizers.
Synthetic biology may even be used to produce completely new foods, such as flavorings created through fermentation with engineered yeast, or vegan cheeses and other animal free milk products.
“We need to reduce carbon emissions and toxic inputs, use less land and water, combat pests, and increase soil fertility,” says Dr. Pamela Ronald, a professor at UC Davis. Synthetic biology may give us the tools to get there.
Practical applications aside, one of the ultimate goals of synthetic biology is to create a synthetic organism made exclusively from custom designed DNA.
The main roadblock right now is technological. DNA synthesis is currently expensive, slow and prone to errors. Most existing techniques can only make DNA strands that are roughly 200 letters long, whereas genes are usually over ten times as long. The human genome contains roughly 20,000 genes that make proteins.
That said, costs for DNA synthesis have been rapidly dropping over the past decade.
According to Dr. Drew Endy, a geneticist at Stanford University, the cost of sequencing an individual letter has plummeted from $4 in 2003 to a mere 3 cents now. The estimated cost of printing all 3 billion letters of the human genome at the moment is a staggering $90 million, although that is expected to drop to $100,000 within 20 years if the trend continues.
An increasingly reasonable price tag has already opened doors to whole-genome synthesis.
Back in the 90s, Craig Venter, best known for his leading role in sequencing the human genome, began investigating the minimal set of genes required to make life. Together with colleagues at the Institute for Genomic Research, Venter removed genes from a bacterium Mycoplasma genitalium to identify those critical to life.
In 2008, Venter pieced together these “essential genes” and built the entire new “minimal” genome from a soup of chemicals using DNA synthesis.
Several years later, Venter transplanted the artificial genome into a second bacterium. The genes took over and “rebooted” the cell, allowing it to grow and self-replicate — the first living organism with a completely synthetic genome.
From Bacteria to Human
The new venture, if funded, would replicate Venter’s experiments using our own genome. Given that the human genome is nearly 5,000 times larger than Venter’s bacterium, it’s hard to say just how much more difficult the synthesis might be and what the end results might be.
Even if that goal fails, however, the field is still bound to take a quantum leap forward. According to Dr. George Church, a leading geneticist at Harvard Medical School, the project could generate technological advances that improve our general ability to synthesize long strings of DNA — regardless of origin.
In fact, Church stressed that the project’s main goal is advancing technology.
But many are skeptical. According to Endy, who was invited to the meeting but decided to bow out, the project was originally named “HGP2: The human genome synthesis project,” and its primary goal was “to synthesize a complete human genome in a cell line within a period of 10 years.”
It’s perhaps not a surprise that news of the meeting caused a stir.
Regardless of its actual goals, the project raises the prospect of building custom-designed humans, or even semi-humans who have computers as parents.
The associated risks are easy to imagine and undoubtedly terrifying such as how safe is it to directly manipulate or build life? How likely are accidents that unleash new organisms on an unprepared world? Who owns and has access to the technology? Would it breed new discrimination or further separate the 1% from the 99%?
“You can’t possibly begin to do something like this if you don’t have a value system in place that allows you to map concepts of ethics, beauty, and aesthetics onto our own existence,” says Endy.
“Given that human genome synthesis is a technology that can completely redefine the core of what now joins all of humanity together as a species, we argue that discussions of making such capabilities real… should not take place without open and advance consideration of whether it is morally right to proceed,” he said.
In my opinion this never meant paintings, photographs, or statues. It was replicating life without the knowledge of the creator because if we made the slightest mistake, the whole creation would be destroyed. We will know the meaning of that all too soon I fear. This research also proves we were created not evolved.
Exodus 20:4King James Version (KJV)
4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.
|Posted by Conspiracy Cafe on July 18, 2017 at 9:35 AM|
Rose’s Law for Quantum Computing highlights the new platforms sheer power to solve humanity’s and society’s most complex problems on, and off, Earth
31st August 2016 Matthew Griffin
When Steve Jurvetson, Managing Director of the investment firm Draper Fisher Jurvetson (DJF) first met Geordie Rose, now CTO and former CEO of D-Wave back in 2002 he was struck by his ability to explain complex quantum physics and the “spooky” underpinnings of a new class of computing platform – Quantum Computing.
DFJ first invested in D-Wave in 2003, and Rose predicted that he would be able to demonstrate a two-bit quantum computer within 6 months – years, if not decades ahead of the competition and there was a certain precision to his predictions. With one bit under his belt, and a second coming, Rose went on to suggest that the number of qubits in a scalable quantum computing architecture should double every year. Sound familiar?
It sounded a lot like Gordon Moore’s prediction back in 1965, when Moore used just five data points on a log-scale to devise Moore’s Law which, up until recently, had been the law that was used by the world’s largest semiconductor companies, such as Global Foundries, Intel and Samsung as the foundation for their global International Technology Roadmap for semiconductors (ITRS) – the roadmap responsible for pushing today’s CPU silicon based 10nm and 7nm architectures such as Knights Landing, Knights Hill and Knights Mill to the limit.
Plotting Rose’s Law
As you can see from the video, created in 2013 (@Dwavesys updates please, and I’ve E-Mailed Geordie Rose so we’ll see if we get one) like Moore’s Law, a straight line is plotted against a logarithmic scale and it describes an exponential but unlike Moore’s Law the computational power of the Quantum Computer should grow exponentially with the number of entangled qubits as well. It’s like Moore’s Law compounded. The video already demonstrates a doubling of Qubits each year, since 2002 and as you can see by the end of 2013 when they had bought out their 512 qubit Vesuvius processor, the similarities between Rose’s Law and Moore’s Law look spookily similar.
Bringing the chart up to date though their latest processor, the D-Wave 2X, released in June 2015 broke the 1,000 qubit barrier, so while it’s slightly behind the curve it’s not far. The $15 million processor was subsequently snapped up by organisations as wide ranging as Google, NASA, USC and Los Alamos who then went on to demonstrate that the new processor was 100 million times faster than classical computers at solving what we term “Optimization” problems which, on the surface at least appear to be quantum computing’s application sweet spot.
Optimization problems are just how they sound – imagine you are building a house, and have a list of things you want to have in your house but you can’t afford everything on your list because you are constrained by a budget. What you really want to work out is the combination of items which gives you the best value for your money. That is an optimization problem and they come in all shapes and sizes and span thousands of domains including systems design, mission planning, airline scheduling, financial analysis, web search, cancer radiotherapy and many more.
From helping you plan the most efficient route for your next car journey to helping researchers optimize the combination of tens of millions of unique compounds to create the next breakthrough drug, or treatment the world is full of optimization problems and while quantum computers can help solve some of the smaller ones their power and speed best position them to help solve some of the world’s most complex problems, with potentially enormous benefits to businesses, people and science – not in millenia or eons but in seconds and minutes. Once you get beyond 270 On/Off switches there are more possible combinations than atoms in the universe, and that’s a lot. And far too much for today’s classical computers to crunch.
Going back to Rose’s Law though as Jurvetson points out, the potential is mind bending, and if we use D-Wave’s early data on processing power scaling then the very near future should be the watershed moment, where quantum computers surpass conventional computers and never look back. Furthermore, Moore’s Law will never be able to catch up.
Soon new processors will outperform all computers on Earth combined, double the qubits again the following year and it outperforms the universe – and that’s an interesting concept in itself, after all how do you “out perform” the universe? By this Deutsch, Jurvetson and Rose mean that the system could solve certain problems that couldn’t be solved by any non-quantum computer, even if the entire mass and energy of the universe was at its disposal and moulded into the best possible computer.
Quantum computing is a completely different way to compute – as David Deutsch posits – harnessing the refractive quantum echoes of many trillions of parallel universes to perform a computation.
Jurvetson offers a reality check however. But first the caveat D-Wave’s new processors are not general purpose systems, they are application specific, meaning that they excel at solving specific, discrete optimization problems. And while this happens to map perfectly to many of todays real world applications, from finance to molecular modelling, artificial intelligence and machine learning it’s not going to change our current personal computing tasks.
Second, the assumptions. There is a lot of room for surprises in the next few years. D-Wave could hit a scaling wall or discover a heretofore unknown fracturing of the physics – perhaps finding local entanglement, noise, or some other technical hitch that might not loom large at small scales, but grows exponentially as a problem just as the theoretical performance grows exponentially with scale and Jurvetson for one thinks the risk is less likely to lie in the steady qubit march, which has held true since 2002, but in the relationship of qubit count to performance.
There is also the question of the programming model. Programming traditional quantum computers is more difficult than machine coding an Intel processor but even that is changing with breakthroughs from the University of Maryland who have, for the first time managed to create a small re-programmable quantum computer. Without this breakthrough programmers would have had to worry about everything from analog gate voltages to the algorithmic transformations of programming logic to something that was simply only native to quantum computing and that would have limited both the applications and adoption of the new nacent platforms.
According to Jurvetson, “The possibility of a curve like this begs many philosophical and cosmological questions about our compounding capacity to compute… the beginning of infinity if you will.”
It will be fascinating to see if the next few years play out like Rose’s predictions and thirteen years on it still looks like Roses’ Law is holding true. how long it will last no one knows but if it lasts for just another five then we will have truly created a computing revolution.
The advances to Moore's law were bad enough. Rose's law will exceed man's limited morals exponentially. The world may very well turn into the matrix overnight. Will you ever be able to understand never mind compete. Imagine teleporting AI into another country or facility, having it replicate itself and mastering its environment. In a couple of years that may be the threat nations face. For years the fake news spoke of an alien agenda and invasion. What if all along they were creatures created in a laboratory. With man's propensity to war and conflict the termionator might be a reasonable possibility.
|Posted by Conspiracy Cafe on July 18, 2017 at 9:30 AM|
WHY THIS MATTERS IN BRIEF
Quantum networks promise almost total secrecy but significant hurdles remain to creating international and internet scale networks, now though China looks like it will be the first to create the first international, cross border, quantum network
9th July 2017 Matthew Griffin
Late last year, a green dot appeared in the night sky near the Chinese-Myanmar border, and in itself that would be conspicuous but this was special.
“It was like a very bright green star,” says physicist Chao-Yang Lu, a professor at theUniversity of Science and Technology of China, who saw it from an observing station on the outskirts of the Chinese city of Lijiang.
it was his team had to act fast if their observatory was to figure out what it was, and as it turned out the green light was actually a laser beamed from a satellite orbiting over 300 miles overhead. Within minutes observatories around China locked their telescopes onto the strange phenomenon in search of the real prize within – delicate, single infrared photons produced by a special crystal on the satellite. Filtering out the green light, they all latched on to their target – a quantum signal the likes of which has never been sent before.
This Chinese space experiment was a crucial test for a budding field of emerging security technology called Quantum Cryptography that uses quantum particles, like photons, to send information securely. That said though quantum particles, as you might imagine, are notoriously difficult to transmit and capture. If, for example, you try to send them through optical fibre then the signal gets corrupted after just 150 miles of travel, and that means that without robust and reliable quantum repeater, a technology that, like it says, repeats the signal and that’s still in its very early stages of development, even after a team in from theUS National Institute of Standard and Technology (NIST) recently set a new world record, you won’t be able to create large scale quantum networks.
As a result researchers have long suggested using satellites and other high orbiting platforms to beam quantum particles over long distances but they’d never done it before – until now that is. In this experiment, the satellite distributed single photons between two ground stations 750 miles apart, a new record.
“For extending the distance of quantum communication networks, this is a milestone,” says Eleni Diamanti, the vice director of the Paris Center for Quantum Computing, who was not involved in the work, “there’s no question about it.”
China launched the $100 million satellite, known as “Quantum Experiments at Space Scale”,last August from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in the Gobi Desert. Before the launch, researchers placed a complicated system of lasers, mirrors, and a special crystal on board. When a specific laser shone on the crystal, it would create pairs of light particles known as entangled photons. The crystal makes 6 million pairs of photons at a time, but on the ground, the two ground stations could only detect about one pair per second.
“It’s a challenging task,” says Lu, “it’s the equivalent of trying to see a human hair from 300 meters away.”
Researchers like Lu and his colleagues think quantum cryptography could be the encryption tool of the future. Properly executed, the protocol works like this – first you measure characteristics of photons to generate a key of 1’s and 0’s that you send to your intended recipient. Then, you encrypt your message with the key and send it. If a hacker tried to steal the key in transit, quantum mechanics theory says they’d instantly change it to a different set of numbers.
Think of Schrodinger’s cat, which is both dead and alive when you’re not looking, but becomes purely one or the other when you pay attention. In the same way, the hacker would instantly change the state of the photons that make up the key, which means in theory, it’s physically impossible to hack – although, again, that said recently another team in Canada managed tohack an “unhackable” quantum network, ironically in their case to see if they could create tools to prevent it from being hacked in the first place, so as you can see there’s a lot more development left to do on the technology, and still lots of questions.
Meanwhile China’s launch and the resulting experiment were a long time coming. Jian-Wei Pan of the University of Science and Technology of China, the physicist who led the project, proposed the satellite experiment back in 2003. His team of some 100 people painstakingly designed, built, and tweaked the laser and satellite system over many years. They performed trial experiments on the ground first, delivering quantum keys only a few miles at first, and gradually ramping up the distance to over 2,000km last August.
Compared to the rest of the field , they’ve moved fast though, says physicist Thomas Jennewein of the University of Waterloo in Canada, who recently sent a quantum key from the ground to an airborne airplane, and years ago, Jennewein worked on several proposals to do similar experiments on the International Space Station (ISS).
“None of those projects really went much beyond the study phase because of the complexity and the cost and everything,” he says, “but the Chinese just went ahead and did it. It’s great.”
The reason they could do it so quickly is that people at the highest level of the Chinese government prioritised the project, says Denis Simon of Duke Kunshan University, an expert on Chinese science policy. Because the high-ups wanted it, the group didn’t have to go through the usual bureaucratic funding steps, he says, and the Chinese government is particularly interested in this technology because it wants quantum-secured communications in the national interest.
“The Chinese government wants to communicate with their naval ships, with their South China Sea activities,” he says, “they want to do a lot of things with it.”
Meanwhile, researchers in other countries are attempting similar experiments but with much, much more red tape. Diamanti’s group, for example, is waiting to hear back from theEuropean Space Agency (ESA) on a proposal to distribute quantum particles from the ISS to several potential ground stations in Europe, and Paul Kwiat, a physicist at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, is leading US efforts to do a similar experiment on the ISS withNASA – something that will now probably get an instant green light from the US government who it has to be said, now seems to be a laggard in the space.
That said though is still doesn’t look like anyone else, even the UK’s government who’s pushing over £270 million via their UK National Quantum Technologies Programme (NQTP), is as ambitious, or as resource rich, as the Chinese and Lu says his group is planning to perform the same experiment from a new satellite with a higher orbit which would be able to send quantum keys between cities that are further apart – they want to exchange quantum keys between China and Austria, where some of their collaborators work, and by 2030, Pan has said that China plans to launch a fleet of these satellites to create a global network.
“We are very lucky and benefit from a fast decision-making system,” says Lu, “there’s nothing like when political and scientific interests align.”
Fast tracked science and fast tracked budgets? I can see the scientists in the western world going green with envy right now…
|Posted by Conspiracy Cafe on July 18, 2017 at 9:25 AM|
WHY THIS MATTERS IN BRIEF
Teleportation is the ultimate sci-fi dream, and scientists are getting better at teleporting quantum particles further than ever before but teleporting real objects is still a long way away
14th July 2017 Matthew Griffin
Earlier this week Chinese scientists managed to teleport an object from Earth and into space, to a satellite orbiting 300 miles above the Earth, and in the process they set a new record for quantum teleportation – an eerie phenomenon where the complete properties of one particle are instantaneously transferred to another, in effect teleporting it to a distant location.
Scientists around the world have hailed it as a significant step towards the goal of creating an unhackable quantum internet, something that, for a number of reasons, the Chinese government has been pursuing with vigour for the past decade or so now, and over the course of the past year they’ve made breakthrough after breakthrough. First they built a 2,000kmlong unhackable quantum network across a fiber link, and recently they successfully tested the world’s first quantum satellite network. Next year it’s likely they’ll be the first country to create an international quantum network between China and Austria when they ramp up tests of their new satellite system again.
“Space scale teleportation can be realised and is expected to play a key role in the future distributed quantum internet,” wrote the researchers, who were led by Professor Chao-Yang Lu from the University of Science and Technology of China, the same university responsible for the other breakthroughs, in a paper.
While the latest experiment might get everyone breaking out the Star Trek analogies I’m sorry to disappoint you – we’re still a long way away from teleporting physical objects, and today the teleportation effect is limited to quantum scale objects, such as photons.
Sorry about that. One day though…
In the experiment, the team beamed photons from a ground station in Ngari in Tibet to China’s Micius satellite, which is in orbit 300 miles above Earth.
The experiment hinged on a bizarre effect known as quantum entanglement, where which pairs of particles are generated simultaneously meaning they inhabit a single, shared quantum state. Counter intuitively, this inter-twined existence continues, even when the particles are separated by vast distances, and any change in one will affect the other.
As a result scientists have been able to exploit this effect to their advantage to transfer information between the two entangled particles. In quantum teleportation though a third particle is introduced and entangled with one of the original pair, in such a way that its distant partner assumes the exact state of the third particle. For all intents and purposes, the distant particle then takes on the identity of the new particle that its partner interacted with. And voila – instant teleportation. Dang scientists are clever.
In the future quantum teleportation could be harnessed to produce a new unhackable quantum communication networks where the information would be encoded by the quantum states of entangled photons, rather thantoday’s binary strings of 0’s and 1’s. The huge security advantage would be that it would be impossible for an eavesdropper to measure the photons’ states without disturbing them and revealing their presence, although a little while ago, in another world first, scientists from Canada announced they’d managed to hack a quantum network – something that technically should be impossible. But as regular readers of my blog should know by now impossible is two letters two long…
Ian Walmsley, Hooke professor of experimental physics at Oxford of University, said the latest work was an impressive step towards this ambition.
“This palpably indicates that the field isn’t limited to scientists sitting in their labs thinking about weird things. Quantum phenomena actually have a utility and can really deliver some significant new technologies,” he said.
Scientists around the world, such as a team from the National Institute of Standard and Technology (NIST) in America, have already succeeded in creating small scale quantum networks that allow secure messages to be sent over fibre optic links, but quantum entanglement is fragile and is gradually lost as photons travel through the fiber, meaning that scientists have struggled to get teleportation to work across large enough distances to make a global quantum network viable.
The advantage of using a satellite is that the particles of light travel through space for much of their journey instead of solid objects, but transmitting into space comes with its own challenges because the turbulence in the Earth’s atmosphere can interfere with the particles.
The Chinese teams latest paper, published on the Arxiv website, describes how, over a period of more than 32 days, the scientists sent millions of photons to the satellite and achieved teleportation in 911 cases.
“This work establishes the first ground-to-satellite up-link for faithful and ultra-long-distance quantum teleportation, an essential step toward global-scale quantum internet,” they wrote, and while other countries, such as Canada, Germany, the UK, the US are all trying to develop their own quantum communications technology it looks like, once again, the Chinese has stolen a march on them all.
Beam me up. I’m done.
|Posted by Conspiracy Cafe on July 18, 2017 at 9:20 AM|
WHY THIS MATTERS IN BRIEF
For the first time we are seeing how it’s possible for robots in the future to design and evolve, manufacture and assemble themselves without human input
29th January 2017 Matthew Griffin
Experts at the University of Oslo, Norway have discovered a new way for robots to design, evolve and manufacture themselves, without input from humans, using a form of artificial evolution called “Generative design,” and 3D printers – although admittedly the team, for now at least, still has to assemble the final product, robot, when it’s printed.
Generative design is something we’ve talked about several times before and it’s where artificial intelligence programs – creative machines, if you will – not humans, innovate new products – such as chairs and even Under Armour’s new Architech sneakers.
The labs latest robot, “Number Four,” which is made up of sausage like plastic parts linked together with servo motors, is trying out different gaits, attempting to figure out the best way to move from one end of the floor to the other. And while you might look at this video and think it’s weird, or funny remember that this is just the start. Today it’s evolving, trying to learn how to move from A to B in the most efficient manner, but tomorrow – well, it could be “evolving” anything, and all at a much faster rate than humans.
By constantly monitoring its own progress and comparing it with previous attempts, over time it gets visibly better at this simple task.
“It’s now testing variations of its original movement pattern,” says Kyrre Glette, associate professor at the University of Oslo’s research group for robotics and intelligent systems.
The movement isn’t perfect though – of course. After all it’s trying to evolve and evolution is never a simple task. In nature for example around 99.9% of “evolutions” go nowhere and the animals die out, but that’s what evolution is all about – trying new things, failing, and trying again until something works.
In this case the robot number four’s instructions come from a computer simulation and since a computer simulator doesn’t perfectly model the real world there’s bound to be some mismatch between the virtual world and the real world, say the team.
The robot was conceived in a “virtual womb” – a generative design computer program that tries out thousands of different simulations and solutions to how the finished machine could best move around its given environment, which in this case is the carpeted floor of Glette’s lab. Glette and his team don’t tell the computer how to solve the problem, they only introduce certain parameters – like the fact that the robot should move from A to B and the AI, the creative machine, does the rest, iterating thousands of times, keeping the best versions and iterating again.
“It’s artificial evolution. It starts off with very simple combinations of these sausages and simple motors that can move them,” says Glette, looking at an on-screen visualization of the evolution process. Eventually, there are some solutions that manage to move forward just a tiny little bit. Then they are saved and those solutions are then used for coming generations and modified slightly. Eventually you get better and better solutions.”
By running a thousand individual virtual robots through a thousand generations, the computer can come up with a working model within a couple of hours and then it tells a 3D printer to make a real world version of this “pinnacle of evolution,” and all the robotics team needs to do is stick it together using servo motors.
That said though, we are already seeing the rise of 4D printing – printers that both print and can then automatically assemble the newly printed products, so one day there’s no reason why the robots can’t, or won’t, be able to design themselves, print themselves and assemble themselves. And moving one step further on, they might also soon be able to grow themselves in the lab, in the same way BAE are growing drones using new molecular assemblers.
Impressive as these systems might be, they’re still limited to work within the parameters we humans give them. In the future, Glette’s robots might figure out how to get around unexpected obstacles – and could even 3D or 4D print new body parts in the field in order to accomplish the task.
As expected though hundreds of prominent scientists and experts are already warning about the inherent danger of computers becoming smarter at an ever increasing rate, let alone evolving themselves – and then let alone, again, of letting them be used to evolve and manufacture new robots.
In many people’s eyes this new research has overtones of Skynet – after all while many people think of Skynet as just an “evil” computer program many people forget that it must have been able to design, evolve and manufacture the Terminator robots. After all, they didn’t just materialise out of thin air did did they?
The legendary physicist Stephen Hawking, for example, last year, went on record to warn people about the dangers of runaway AI.
“Once humans develop artificial intelligence it could take off on its own and redesign itself at an ever increasing rate. Humans, who are limited by slow biological evolution, couldn’t compete and would be superseded,” Professor Hawking warned. He also signed a letter in July condemning a potential AI arms race, and this year the UN will debate banning so called “Killer robots”.
“Once you’ve got artificial general intelligence, you’ve got a computer that’s got all the same smarts as you and I have, that means it can learn. So it’s learning 24/7, it doesn’t get tired,” says Keith Downing, a professor of artificial intelligence at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
“So once you get artificial general intelligence, you’re going to quickly accelerate into something they call artificial super intelligence. That’s where the computer is thousands of times smarter than us. So if they’re also smarter than us,” he says, “they could trick us and we could be in trouble.”
Glette though isn’t overly worried about a robotics takeover. That’s partly because he knows what it takes to get a simple, sausage-like robot to figure out to best way of moving across a carpeted floor.
“There’s a lot happening with self-driving cars and Google telling you when to take the next train home,” Glette says, “but we see that there is this complexity challenge, and I don’t think there is any real breakthrough at the moment. I think we will get smarter and smarter solutions, but no real human like intelligence any time soon.”
In the meantime though he and his team hope to make the robots, and its virtual evolution system, clever enough to operate in real life situations in the future though. One scenario would be sending robots into a nuclear disaster zone to solve any unexpected problems by adapting to their environment, perhaps even printing new tools or body parts in the process.
A self-learning robot could be handy for exploring distant planets, too. But the leap from that scenario to one of computers deciding they are smarter than us and acting on it is, hopefully, some time off – that said though many experts believe that that date is 2045. So maybe you should book your plane tickets to Mars now and avoid the forthcoming robo-geddon.